Sunday, November 10, 2019
Introduction of Education Essay
Purpose of education Ã¢â¬â Prepare students for the working world, for employment: credible labour force Ã¢â¬â Develop skills: social skills, critical thinking Ã¢â¬â Impart knowledge: accumulation of knowledge Ã¢â¬â How to be an educated person / a good citizen, unity, national identity Ã¢â¬â Building up character, facing adversity, ethics Ã¢â¬â Teaching right from wrong ( conformity? Ã¢â¬â Understand matters in life Types of education Ã¢â¬â Liberal education: education including the arts, equal weight given to arts and sciences ( Literature, history and appreciation of the arts Ã¢â¬â Home schooling. Ã¢â¬â Family education (parental guidance) Ã¢â¬â Informal and formal education (skills and academics) Ã¢â¬â Experiential learning Ã¢â¬â National education Ã¢â¬â All-round education Overemphasis on excellence eroding purpose of education? Ã¢â¬â Pursuit of achievement: meritocracy, guided by principle of progress: development Ã¢â¬â Credible labour force to satisfy economic needs ( Knowledge: improve ability to handle learning in future ( English teaches us communication skills Ã¢â¬â Career ( Secure better jobs because past excellent track records show that individual has capability of handling what is required of him Ã¢â¬â National. identity ( People strive for economic growth, creating prosperity, increasing standard of living of people, making them happy and hence more loyal to the nation ( National education ( BUT increasingly competitive ( Uneven distribution of income ( Cannot eliminate discrimination, likely that discrimination will prevail Ã¢â¬â Disunity ( Rise of elitism: encouraging unhealthy competition ( SAP, independent schools, IP Ã¢â¬â Compromises ethical values ( Too concerned with quest of excellence, may try to excel using underhanded means ( Undermines moral development, ignore ethical means ( Conceal knowledge, unwilling to share knowledge with people Thinking mind better than accumulation of knowledge? Ã¢â¬â Develop independent learning process Ã¢â¬â Montessori: emphasis on self-directed learning on the part of the child and clinical observation on the part of the teacher Ã¢â¬â More receptive to views: learn not to be so subjective or opinionated Ã¢â¬â BUT may develop non-conformist thinking, disrupting social stability. Society may become more opinionated due to the diversity of opinions Ã¢â¬â Increased acumen to resolve social and moral dilemmas. ( More tolerant and understanding of each other ( empathise better with each other ( understand problems or issues better ( Importance of upholding social values (altruistic punishment) Ã¢â¬â BUT too liberal: unable to uphold values ( Difficult to create a staunch and orthodox thinking, no particular value to adhere to, makes it difficult to define values ( France: liberty is subjective vs. liberty is institutionalized in US Learning in schools vs. on the Internet vs. at home Ã¢â¬â In line with purpose of education? ( WhoÃ¢â¬â¢s the Ã¢â¬ËteacherÃ¢â¬â¢? Reliable source? Able to deliver all purposes of education? Ã¢â¬â Information: amount, accessibility, coverage in terms of depth and breadth, response-time, reliability ( Internet = Ã¢â¬Å"information superhighwayÃ¢â¬ : additional 7. 3 million pages per day ( Sep 30 2007, 1. 244 billion people use the Internet according to Internet World Stats Ã¢â¬â Pace of learning: linked with building up a strong foundation or understanding of a concept Ã¢â¬â Exclusivity: must take into account that everyone has the right to be educated Ã¢â¬â Learning environment: conducive vs. environment with lots of distractions Ã¢â¬â Formal vs. informal education Special types of schools: SAP and IP Ã¢â¬â Linked with racism or elitism. Ã¢â¬â Consider purpose of setting up these special types of schools in the first place ( In line with bilingualism: to take Chinese and English as first language ( Better amenities to further develop studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ potentials Ã¢â¬â What debate has it spurred? ( Exclusion of Malays, Indians and Eurasians: endanger social fabric of nation, Singapore is supposed to be a multi-racial society ( Creating a bigger divide between the intellects and those who do not do well in studies Ã¢â¬â Is it a justified cause? ( SAP may not be because Malay and Tamil are official languages as well. Why exclusively the Chinese? ( Since Singapore only depends on human capital, need to maximize the learning potential of more capable students ( probably inevitable to have a divide *Dependent on the maturity of the students. Students in elite schools should not be arrogant or flaunt their abilities ( could be the cause of the debate in the first place. Ã¢â¬â Government can work on giving Malay and Tamil more recognition, and providing schools with more amenities if they deem themselves deserving of the facilities Ã¢â¬â Can look at how well these types of schools tie in with the purpose of education. Do they fulfill the purpose of education better than mainstream schools?